Cephalochordata | Not assigned
Environment / Climate / Range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 53 m (Ref. 1451). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Jamaica and USA.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Minimum depth from Ref. 116064. Clean, siliceous sand with shell fragments (Ref. 1443). Found nearshore in shallow water; in Mississippi Sound it was found on coarse sand 90% of the time, rarely on fine sand, and never on clay (Ref. 1451). Members of the class Cephalochordata are gonochoric. Life cycle: Eggs develop into planktotrophic larva and later on to benthic adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Cephalochordata are gonochoric. Life cycle: Eggs develop into planktotrophic larva and later on to benthic adults.
Stokes, M.D. and N.D. Holland. 1996. (Ref. 1437)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models