Gymnolaemata | Ctenostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 13 m (Ref. 2672). Tropical
Eastern Central Pacific, Northeast Atlantic, Southwest Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Temperate and subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Minimum depth from Ref. 116066. Epibenthic, encrusting (Ref. 116066). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Soule, J.D. 1963. (Ref. 874)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 8.9 - 16.1, mean 11 (based on 798 cells).