Hydrozoa | Anthoathecata
Environment / Climate / Range
Northern Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.1 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 2992)
Bell measures 10 mm high and wide; manubrium varies from pink to white, with 4 very distinctive dichotomously-branched oral tentacles; 4 radial canals; 4 tentacle bulbs, each bearing similar tentacles (<60) and with its own dark ocellus; transparent umbrella (Ref. 2376).
Attached species (Ref. 3123). Fairly short-lived, occurring in late spring or summer and feeding especially on barnacle nauplii; preyed on by Aequorea and other medusivorous hydromedusae (Ref. 2376). Reproduction occurs only in medusoid stage (Ref. 1663, p. 16).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Reproduction occurs only in medusoid stage (Ref. 1663, p. 16).
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)