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Bohadschia vitiensis   (Semper, 1868)

brown sandfish

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Bohadschia vitiensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Bohadschia vitiensis (brown sandfish)
Picture by Purcell, Steven

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Holothuroidea | Aspidochirotida | Holothuriidae

Environment / Climate / Range

Reef-associated; depth range 36 - 200 m (Ref. 81020).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Widespread in the Indo-Pacific.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85218); common length : 32.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122); max. published weight: 1.6 kg (Ref. 122)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

May be harvested with other reef flat species, such as Bohadschia similis and Holothuria scabra, when they occur together, but the sticky Cuvierian tubules make the collection and processing disagreeable. Collected by hand at low tide, or by divers. Processed product is not distinguished from those of other Bohadschia species and is of little commercial value. Found in moderately shallow waters; mostly on coastal lagoons and inner reef flats; abundant in sandy-muddy sediments where it burrows most of the time (Ref. 122). Known to be nocturnally active (Ref. 85218). Population densities generally less than 0.02 per square meter (Ref. 122).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Conand, C. 1998. (Ref. 122)

Short description Morphology

Mean live weight 1,200 to 1,600 g; body-wall thickness: 0.7 cm. Body cylindrical, arched dorsally (bivium) and flattened ventrally (trivium); calcareous disc of podia around 300 micrometer in diameter. Mouth ventral, surrounded by 20 small, short and yellowish tentacles. Anus nearly dorsal. Calcareous ring with large radial pieces and narrow interradials. Cuvierian tubules numerous and thick. Bivium yellow with brown band; trivium lighter; podia on bivium and trivium encircled by a characteristics brown spot. Spicules on ventral tegument with a variety of pseudo-rosettes and biscuit-like nodules; dorsal tegument with rosettes and a few rods; ventral podia with various rods; tentacles with rods, straight or slightly curved and very spiny.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 18 - 28.1, mean 25.8 (based on 653 cells; Ref. 115970).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown