Holothuroidea | Aspidochirotida
Environment / Climate / Range
Reef-associated; depth range 3 - 16 m (Ref. 81020). Tropical
Indo-Pacific, excluding Hawaii.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 26.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122); max. published weight: 800.00 g (Ref. 122)
May be harvested along with other reef flat species, such as Holothuria scabra, when they occur together, but the sticky Cuvierian tubules make the collection and processing disagreeable; Collected by divers. Processed product is not distinguished from those of other Bohadschia species; little commercial value. Found in very shallow waters; occurs in coastal lagoons or inner reef flats, generally burrowing in sandy-muddy bottoms. Populations can reach densities of 0.03 per square meter. Biology poorly known (Ref. 122).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Conand, C. 1998. (Ref. 122)
Mean live weight, 300 to 800 g; body thickness 0.4 cm. Body cylindrical, flattened ventrally (trivium). Bivium smooth and rigid. Podia on bivium long, slender, conical, and irregularly arranged; podia on trivium more numerous, shorter and irregularly arranged on the radii and interradii; calcareous disc of podia around 400 micrometer in diameter. Mouth ventral, surrounded by 20 short tentacles. Anus nearly dorsal, surrounded by 5 groups of radial papillae. Calcareous ring with large radial pieces and narrow interradials having sharp tops. Cuvierian tubules long and large. Variable color among specimens and localities; bivium beige to light brown, showing characteristic brown spots; trivium lighter, yellowish. Spicules on ventral tegument with simple nodules with or without holes and sparse rods giving rise to rosettes; dorsal tegument with rosettes and small biscuit-like plates; ventral podia with variable rods; dorsal podia with x-shaped rods; tops of tentacles with spiny rods.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
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Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.3 - 29.3, mean 28.6 (based on 3048 cells; Ref. 115970
Low vulnerability (16 of 100)