Holothuroidea | Aspidochirotida
Fischer, W., I. Sousa, A. de Freitas, J.M. Poutiers, W. Schneider, T.C. Borges, J.P. Féral and A. Massinga. 1990. (Ref. 418)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 118)
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 800)
Climate / Range
Indo-West Pacific, except the Hawaiian Islands.
Cuverian tubules are extruded almost immediately after disturbance (Ref. 800). It occurs in coarse coral sand, from the intertidal to a depth of 20 m (Ref. 800). It is a burrowing form and comes out of the mud during cloudy days and at night (Ref. 118) being a nocturnal species (Ref. 85218). Particularly prefers reef flats and seagrass beds (Ref. 85218). Small individuals are usually buried in the sand while larger specimens are covered with a thin layer of sand (Ref. 800). Spawning observed in March and April (Ref. 800).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100)