Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. and G. Hodgson. 1989. (Ref. 8817)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 37°N - 26°S, 32°E - 175°W (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Malaysia to Polynesia, north to Japan and south to Australia.
Formation: phaceloid, rarely subplocoid. Corallite diameter: between 9 to 14 mm. Numerous septa not arranged in cycles. Mantles extend during the day and may form a continuous surface obscuring the underlying growth-form. Color: mantles are usually gray, but also red or green; oral discs are usually green, but also red or dark gray (Ref. 848).
Occurs in lower reef slopes away from wave action, also in turbid environments (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models