Bivalvia | Arcoida
Bernard, F.R., Y.Y. Cai and B. Morton. 1993. (Ref. 75831)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 0.9 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83435)
Benthic; depth range 329 - 5007 m (Ref. 83435), usually 4000 - 5000 m (Ref. 75831)
Climate / Range
Cosmopolitan in deep-water.
Byssate, epibiotic (Ref. 104365). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models