Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 10 - 30 m (Ref. 87801). Subtropical
Pacific, Southwest Atlantic, Mediterranean and the Antarctic. Subtropical to temperate.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
It is found on the continental shelf at depths of 10 to 30 m, growing on other bryozoans (Ref. 87801). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Novosel, M., A. Pozar-Domac and M. Pasaric. 2004. (Ref. 3117)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 7.6 - 27, mean 21.7 (based on 222 cells).