Holothuroidea | Aspidochirotida
HÃ¤ussermann, V. and G. FÃ¶rsterra. 2009. (Ref. 87801)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 24 - 690 m (Ref. 87801)
Climate / Range
Pacific Ocean and the Antarctic.
It is found on rocks in shallow water and on mud in deeper waters, depths of 0 to 690 m (Ref. 87801). Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models