Demospongiae | Verongida
Environment / Climate / Range
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 5 - 50 m (Ref. 415). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 100.0 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Hollow cylinders: up to 100 cm high. Surface with deep grooves: 0.5 - 1 cm deep; and finely conulose; 0.05 - cm high and 50 - 100 cm apart. Yellow, green, ochre, or reddish-brown, externally, tan-yellowish internally. Oscules with membrane on top pf the tube; 2 - 8 cm diameter. Compressible but tough (Ref. 415).
Maximum depth from Ref. 108813. Deeper parts of reefs; greater than 5 m deep (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
High vulnerability (60 of 100)