Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
Child, C.A. 1995. (Ref. 2153)
Size / Weight / Age
Demersal; depth range 7 - 428 m (Ref. 2153)
Climate / Range
Northwest Pacific: Alaska, Japan and Russian Federation. Subtropical to Boreal.
Very long chelifore scapes, ocular tubercle, erect abdomen, palps, ovigers, and legs with extremely attenuated and slender propodus, claw, and auxiliaries. Lateral processes and first coxae having small laterodistal tubercles and posterior 4 legs with a sex pore spur (Ref. 2153, p. 8).
Shelf to upper slope (Ref. 19). Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models