Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
Stock, J.H. 1994. (Ref. 140)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 9 - 30 m (Ref. 2086)
Climate / Range
Western Atlantic and Indo Pacific.
Trunk circular in dorsal outline; lateral processes contiguous, without major tubercles. Ocular tubercle only as tall as wide; eyes large. Chelifore scapes I-segmented; chelae vestigial, globular. Palps 8-segmented; terminal 4 segments short, very setose. Ovigers 10-segmented, with weak strigilis bearing denticulate spines. Legs slender; first coxae with 2 and second coxae with 3 laterodistal tubercles. Cement gland tube at dorsodistal tip of femur. Propodus large, without major heel spines (Ref. 2115, p. 11).
Depth range from Belize (Ref. 2086). Coastal (Ref. 19). On corals (Ref. 2086). Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models