Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
Child, C.A. 1995. (Ref. 2153)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 1.0 cm LS male/unsexed; (Ref. 2153)
Demersal; depth range 0 - 180 m (Ref. 2153)
Climate / Range
Pacific and Arctic Oceans: Aleutian Islands, Bering Sea (Ref. 2153). Subtropical, Temperate.
Tiny species, leg span slightly less than 1 cm. Trunk circular in outline, lateral processes contiguous, armed with 0 to 3 short setae. Ocular tubercle very low, not as tall as its diameter, eyes well pigmented. Proboscis typical. Abdomen extending only to distal tip of first coxae, fourth leg pair. Chelifores short, with short distal setae, chelae stubs oval.
Palps 8 segmented, short. Ovigers typical. Legs moderately slender with few setae, propodus slender with 3 primary heel spines and 2 lateral smaller spines, sole with 6 to 7 short small spines. Auxiliaries about 0.7 as long as main claw (Ref. 2153, p. 2).
Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)