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Acanthocardia spinosa   (Solander, 1786)

sand cockle

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Acanthocardia spinosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Acanthocardia spinosa (sand cockle)
Acanthocardia spinosa
Picture by Coudre, Christian

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Bivalvia | Veneroida | Cardiidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 2 - 60 m (Ref. 104492).  Temperate; 46°N - 30°N, 18°W - 37°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Subtropical.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum depth from Ref. 106813. Found on muddy sand with seaweed at a depth of 60 m (Ref. 106813). In general, suspension feeding bivalves mainly depend on phytoplankton and detritus material for nutrition (Ref. 107088). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gaspar, M.B., M.D. Dias, A. Campos, C.C. Monteiro, M.N. Santos, A. Chicharo and L. Chicharo. 2001. (Ref. 2714)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses


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More information

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FAO areas
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Occurrences
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Low