Bivalvia | Veneroida
Gaspar, M.B., M.D. Dias, A. Campos, C.C. Monteiro, M.N. Santos, A. Chicharo and L. Chicharo. 2001. (Ref. 2714)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 2 - 60 m (Ref. 104492)
Climate / Range
Temperate; 46°N - 30°N, 18°W - 37°E
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Subtropical.
Maximum depth from Ref. 106813. Found on muddy sand with seaweed at a depth of 60 m (Ref. 106813). In general, suspension feeding bivalves mainly depend on phytoplankton and detritus material for nutrition (Ref. 107088). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models