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Acanthocardia aculeata   (Linnaeus, 1758)

spiny cockle

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Acanthocardia aculeata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Acanthocardia aculeata
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Bivalvia | Veneroida | Cardiidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 5 - 25 m (Ref. 2758).  Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean: from Celtic and Lusitanian provinces, extending into the Mediterranean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 10.2 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 360); common length : 7.6 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 360)

Short description Morphology

Shell: solid, convex valves, equivalve and inequilateral, roughly oval in shape, uniformly deep yellow brown in color; sculpture consists of 20-22 well-developed ribs, with triangular spikes along the mid-line, in between are very marked concentric grooves; external ligament behind the umbones, hinge is heterodont; inside the valves are two identical scars (dimyarian and isomyarian) joined by a continuous pallial line, lacking a sinus. Body: foot is roughly cylindrical, well developed and used for leaping on the sand; distal extremity is bright red.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Depth based on occurrence (Ref. 2758, p. 805); to be replaced with better reference. Minimum depth from Ref. 2703. Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gaspar, M.B., M.N. Santos and P. Vasconcelos. 2001. (Ref. 2758)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Low