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Acanthocardia aculeata   (Linnaeus, 1758)

spiny cockle

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Acanthocardia aculeata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Acanthocardia aculeata (spiny cockle)
Picture by FAO

Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Bivalvia | Veneroida | Cardiidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gaspar, M.B., M.N. Santos and P. Vasconcelos. 2001. (Ref. 2758)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 10.2 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 360); common length : 7.6 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 360)

Environment

Benthic; depth range 5 - 25 m (Ref. 2758)

Climate / Range

Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean: from Celtic and Lusitanian provinces, extending into the Mediterranean.

Short description

Shell: solid, convex valves, equivalve and inequilateral, roughly oval in shape, uniformly deep yellow brown in color; sculpture consists of 20-22 well-developed ribs, with triangular spikes along the mid-line, in between are very marked concentric grooves; external ligament behind the umbones, hinge is heterodont; inside the valves are two identical scars (dimyarian and isomyarian) joined by a continuous pallial line, lacking a sinus. Body: foot is roughly cylindrical, well developed and used for leaping on the sand; distal extremity is bright red.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Depth based on occurrence (Ref. 2758, p. 805); to be replaced with better reference. Minimum depth from Ref. 2703. Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
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Ecology
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Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Low