Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 19°N - 12°S, 95°E - 132°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, Malaysia and north to Philippines.
Formation: encrusting to massive, usually small. Corallites: subplocoid and circular, with thick walls. Septa: with rounded evenly spaced teeth. Colonies have thick fleshy tissue over the skeleton, but tissue does not form concentric folds. Septal dentations appear as evenly spaced rows of beads down the septal margins. Color: uniform gray or green, sometimes mottled (Ref. 848).
Occurs in shallow reef environments (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models