Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 23°S, 32°E - 175°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Indonesia to Melanesia, north to Japan and south to Australia.
Formation: encrusting, can be submassive; small colonies have a conspicuous central corallite. Corallites: plocoid; becomes widely spaced at colony edges. Septa: with long pointed teeth. Fleshy tissue over skeleton present. Color: dark brown, rust red, or green (Ref. 848).
Occurs in protected reef environments (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models