Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 27°S, 32°E - 172°W (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa including Red Sea, Indonesia to Melanesia, north to Japan and south to New Caledonia.
Formation: massive, often hemispherical and over 0.5 m across. Corallites: up to 25 mm diameter and cerioid, becoming plocoid on the colony sides. Septa: mostly uniform, with large teeth. Thick fleshy tissue over the skeleton present. Color: uniformly blue-gray, or mixtures of gray, brown, cream and green; mouth, oral disc and walls usually in contrasting color (Ref. 848).
Occurs in shallow, partly protected reef environments away from high wave action (Refs. 848, 98471) (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models