Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 31°S, 95°E - 180°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia to Melanesia, north to Japan and south to Australia. Tropical to subtropical.
Formation: cerioid; usually small, but may exceed 1.5 m across. Corallites: irregularly shaped, may form short valleys with several centers. Moderately fleshy tissue over the skeleton present. Color: red, cream, or brown, with contrasting colors of walls and oral discs; may be mottled (Ref. 848).
Occurs in wide range of shallow reef environments (Refs. 848, 98471). Does well in sedimented and turbid waters (Ref. 98471). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models