Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 27°S, 32°E - 155°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, including Red Sea, Indonesia to Papua New Guinea, north to Japan and south to Australia.
Formation: encrusting to massive, often over 1 m across. Corallites: cerioid. Septa: with exsert teeth. Fleshy tissue over the skeleton present, but not thick enough to mask underlying skeletal structures. Color: mottled shades of brown and green, usually with brown walls and green oral discs (Ref. 848).
Occurs in most reef environments (Ref. 848), specifically in mid-reef slopes (Ref. 98471). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models