Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. and G. Hodgson. 1989. (Ref. 8817)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 34°S, 32°E - 135°W (Ref. 848)
Indo-Pacific: widespread in East Africa, including Red Sea to Polynesia, north to Japan and south to Solitary Islands, Australia.
Formation: encrusting to massive, rarely over 1 m across. Corallites: cerioid or subplocoid, circular, with thick walls. Septa have long pointed teeth. Thick fleshy tissue over the skeleton present, usually forming concentric folds. Color: uniform or mottled dull brown, gray or green, but can also be brightly colored (Ref. 848).
Occurs in most reef environments (Ref. 848). Hermaphroditic (Refs. 113708, 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models