Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Scaps, P., V. Denis, S. Berhimpon and F. Runtukahu. 2007. (Ref. 83552)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 98471)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 30°N - 25°S, 35°E - 155°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa including Red Sea to Guam, north to Philippines and south to Indonesia.
Formation: mostly submassive. Corallites: cerioid to subplocoid, with moderately thin walls. Septa: thin and widely spaced; larger septa have very long teeth projecting upwards, causing a spiny appearance. Colonies usually not fleshy. Color: uniform or mottled brown, yellow, or green (Ref. 848).
Occurs in shallow reef environments (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models