Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 29°S, 95°E - 180°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia to Melanesia, north to Japan and south to Australia. Tropical to subtropical.
Formation: encrusting, usually small. Corallites: cerioid, with irregular angular shapes; usually conspicuous central corallite. Compact septa, small columellae. Not fleshy. Color: usually pale gray, brown, or rust colored; often mottled (Ref. 848).
Occurs in lower reef slopes away from wave action (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models