Hydrozoa | Leptothecata
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 10 - 630 m (Ref. 87872)
Climate / Range
Arctic, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Mostly polar, but also in subtropical, temperate and boreal climates.
Colonial (Ref. 19, 87872). This is an attached species (Ref. 3123). The feeding type of this species is suspension feeding (Ref. 87872). Species exhibits both asexual and sexual reproduction by budding during hydroid stage and release of gametes in medusae stages (Ref. 1663, p. 24).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models