Demospongiae | Hadromerida
Zea, S., T.P. Henkel and J.R. Pawlik. 2009. (Ref. 81728)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 70 m (Ref. 108813)
Climate / Range
Western Central Atlantic.
Color: black to brown. Rounded masses or sprawling thick encrustations. Tough consistency.
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models