Demospongiae | Hadromerida
Messing, Charles. 2010. (Ref. 85482)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 86836)
Climate / Range
Western Central Atlantic: Belize, Florida, USA and Mexico.
Massive; encrusting and sprawling up to 2 cm thick. Smooth surface, often partly covered by sediment; faintly hispid with distant canals converging on oscules. Color: brown or red-brown (external); cream (internal). Consistency: firm, tough, slightly compressible. Few, irregularly distributed oscules. Skeleton: most spicules are confusedly arranged, while some occur perpendicular to the surface in a radiate structure (Ref. 85482).
Occurs on rocks in lagoons (Ref. 85482) and in mangrove ponds (Ref. 86789). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models