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standard length
(english) The measurement from the most anterior tip of the body to the midlateral posterior edge of the hypural plate (in fish with a hypural plate) or to the posterior end of the vertebral column (in fish lacking hypural plates). It may be restricted to the tip of the snout if the lower jaw projects. The base of the caudal fin (end of the vertebral column or posterior edge of the hypural plate) is determined by flexing the tail up while the caudal peduncle is held down. The resultant wrinkle or caudal flexure indicates the caudal base. It may also be determined by probing or dissection. Sometimes the posteriormost point is the last scale, the last pored scale or the beginning of the caudal fin rays. It is the usual scientific measurement for length of a fish except in Myxini, Petromyzontiformes, Elasmobranchii and Holocephali. This measurement is used because long-preserved fish often lose the tips of the caudal fin rays through breakage after the desiccation effect of alcohol. See total length and fork length. In Holocephali the length is usually taken from the tip of the snout to the origin of the upper caudal fin because the caudal filament breaks off frequently. In Scaridae it is taken back to the rear margin of the second to last lateral line scale {because the large scales obscure the point of caudal flexure. In small dead fish, the end point is detected by bending the caudal fin to one side. In fishery work, as a result of the use of the measuring board, standard-, fork- and total length are taken from the most anterior part of the head. Abbreviated as SL. (See also: caudal peduncle, total length, fork length)
longueur standard
(french) Longueur d'un poisson, de la lèvre supérieure à l'extrémité postérieure de la colonne vertébrale (l'élément dernier a une plaque hypurale élargie formant le support osseux des rayons de la nageoire caudale). Dans les petits poisson morts, le point de l'extrémité est détecté en courbant la nageoire caudale à un côté. (See also: caudal peduncle, total length, fork length)
comprimento standard
(portuguese) O comprimento dum peixe medido do lábio superior até ao fim da coluna vertebral. (See also: caudal peduncle, total length, fork length)

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