Monetaria annulus   (Linnaeus, 1758)

gold ring cowrie

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Monetaria annulus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Monetaria annulus (gold ring cowrie)
Monetaria annulus
Picture by Poppe, Guido and Philippe

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Neotaenioglossa | Cypraeidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 1 - 8 m (Ref. 101216).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349); common length : 3.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Mainly collected for shellcraft. Formerly used as a currency in many areas of the world, the shell is also still used as a divinatory item by some animist tribes, particularly in tropical Africa. Empty shells of Cypraea annulus collected outside this area were carried there by ships when to his cowry was used as a currency (Ref. 349). Widespread in the shallow water, occurring in every kind of habitat (Ref. 349). Members of the family Cypraeidae are primarily carnivores (Ref. 67623). Members of the order Neotaenioglossa are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Neotaenioglossa are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 349)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown