Polyplacophora | Chitonida
Environment / Climate / Range
Demersal; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 290). Subtropical
Eastern Pacific: Alaska, Canada and Mexico.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 8.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 296)
Girdle: Medium wide which is sandy and profusely covered with stiff bristles. Mucro: Highly posterior; depressed. Central areas: Longitudinally ribbed with sharp nodulose ribs transversed with subtle wide obsolete ribs forming a basket weave. Lateral areas: Heavily beaded rib. Inside area: Covered with oval shaped granulations. Color of the valves: Grays to black; rarely, a specimen with blue or orange valves may be found. Color of the girdle: Cream with brownish red bristles (Ref. 296).
Habitat: On rocks, especially in areas of low to moderate surf; found in estuaries (Ref. 315). Depth Range: 0 to 5 m (Ref. 290); middle to low intertidal zones from Alaska to Mexico (Ref. 312). Occurs at the mid tide mark. Members of the class Polyplacophora are mostly gonochoric. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into lecitotrophic planktonic trocophore larvae (no veliger stage) which later metamorphose and settle on the bottom as young adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Polyplacophora are mostly gonochoric. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into lecitotrophic planktonic trocophore larvae (no veliger stage) which later metamorphose and settle on the bottom as young adults.
Burghardt, G. and L. Burghardt. 2006. (Ref. 296)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)