Littorina littorea   (Linnaeus, 1758)

common periwinkle

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Littorina littorea   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Littorina littorea (common periwinkle)
Littorina littorea
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Neotaenioglossa | Littorinidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 83435).  Temperate, preferred 11°C (Ref. 107945); 71°N - 30°N, 41°W - 39°E (Ref. 83435)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Northeast Atlantic: from west Greenland to Kandalaksha Bay, White Sea, down to Portugal. Said to occur in the Mediterranean during the Pleistocene with records up to the Persian Gulf. Distribution in Iceland possibly true due to its occurrence up to west Greenland.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 1 - 1.4 cm Max length : 4.2 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83435); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 2823)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in intertidal and subtidal flats (Refs. 2823, 106899). In shallow and deep subtidal mussel beds of Mytilus edulis. Occurs in both hard substrates and in soft bottoms, particularly on stones, boulders, on muddy and sandy tidal flats. Also macrophytes such as Fucus and Zostera spp. Herbivorous grazer, feeding on microalgal films (diatoms) from the shell surfaces of mussels, sporelings of ephemeral algae and young barnacles (Ref. 106899). Broadcast spawner (Ref. 99688).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Broadcast spawner.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Healy, B. 1997. (Ref. 2779)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Medium